London is the capital of the U.K. of
Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is situated
about 40 miles from the mouth of the Thames. London is one of the
greatest cities in the world. Its population is more than 8 million people. London is also a financial,
business, administrative, industrial, scientific, cultural, transport and sport
centre. London is a very old
city. It is more than 20 centuries old.
London has 4 parts: the City, the
West End, the East End and Westminster.
The City of London is the business
centre. It contains the Bank of England and big banks and offices. The City is
the oldest part of London. It is a little
over a square mile in area. At present fewer than 11,000 people live in the
City, but nearly a million come in daily to work in its offices.
The West End is the richest part of London. Here you can see
the most beautiful places of London: wide streets, the
finest theatres, cinemas and concert halls, the largest department stores,
beautiful parks. Hyde Park is also in this district. It
is the largest park in London. An interesting
sight here is Speaker’s Corner. The rich people live in the West End.
The East End of London includes the port, docks and many
factories. This part of London is very important
in the country’s economy and commerce because many workers work and live there.
There is a striking contrast between the East End and the West End. The East End is
the poorest part of London.
Most of the government buildings are in Westminster. It is one of the
oldest parts of the capital. The British Parliament sits in Westminster Palace. It was the king’s
palace for 5 hundred years. The famous Big Ben is in one of its towers.
Whitehall goes off to the
North of the Parliament Square. It is the site of
many Governmental offices, the Foreign Office, the War Office, and the
A small street branches off Whitehall. It is Downing Street. Its number 10 has
been the official residence of the British Prime Minister for the last 200
There are many interesting historical places in London, such as the
Tower, Westminster Abbey, Trafalgar Square, St. Paul’s Cathedral,
Buckingham palace. London is famous for its
museums and galleries.
The Tower of London is an old castle on the bank of the Thames. It is 900 years old. In the early days of the
English history English kings lived there. Then it was a prison. Now it’s a
museum. Here the tourists can see dark stone walls with small windows. The
walls are 5 metres thick.
Westminster Abbey is very old and very beautiful, and it is
full of history. Nearly all the kings and queens of Britain were crowned and
buried here. Chaucer, Dickens, Hardy, Newton, Darwin were buried there
too. Its Poet’s Corner contains the tombs and monuments to Shakespeare, Burns,
Byron, Thackery, Scott and others.
Trafalgar Square is so named in
memory of Lord Nelson’s great naval victory in 1805, when he destroyed the
French fleet in the battle of Trafalgar. The statue of Lord Nelson stands on
top of the column with 4 great lions at its base.
One of the finest historical buildings is St. Paul’s Cathedral. Buckingham Palace is the official London residence of the
London is famous for its
museums and galleries. There is the British Museum, famous for its
library, the National Gallery, the National Portrait Gallery, Tate Gallery and
many others. Many tourists come here to enjoy the beauty and greatness of the