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Family…what does it mean for us nowadays?
( an opinion essay)
Some time ago the family was the most important thing in people’s lives. Traditionally women cleaned up, washed, cooked, brought up children, while men earned money and brought food into their homes. Has the situation changed a lot since then?
Nowadays we can see the dramatic changes in the role of a family in our society. First of all, more and more young people prefer pursuing their career to starting a family. They postpone their family life to the time they will make a career, buy a dwelling and save enough money to be financially independent.
In most European countries men and women have equal rights now. Together with labour-saving devices and birth-control methods it give women more freedom to choose when, if even at all, they want to start a family.
Besides, even if they start a family and decide to have children, hostesses and nannies come to replace wives and mothers. There are families where children do not see their parents for months, because they are busy with their careers and entertainments.
The drastically high level of divorces in modern society shows one more side of the problem. As the journalist Mary Kenny says, " Much of wedlock consists of two persons in mortal emotional combat for dominance and power”
However, psychologists still claim that the institution of family is vitally important for the existence of our society and far from disappearance. Inside the family people feel more secure and comfortable. They tend to be calmer, healthier and normally live longer that single persons.
All things considered, I think that the phenomenon of a family nowadays is facing really hard times, it is changing rapidly and losing some traditional features while gaining some new ones. However I hope that the family will exist as long as the humankind itself.
Slepko Margarita, 11th grade, 2012
People used to think that the family played an important role in
society, but times have changed and now the family is much less important.
( an opinion essay)
Where have they gone, all
those hot lunches and delicious dinners that used to await for children at
home? Why do children fall asleep without seeing their parents and get up when
they are already gone to work? The issue of family institution is crucial and
whoever brings it up, gets drastically involved in a heated debate.
Nowadays the definition
of the family has dramatically changed. Firstly, women have emancipated
and demands equality both at work and at home matters, although men don’t want
to give up their position and status of a money-maker and family bread-winner.
As a result, the collision of personalities takes place and neither husbands,
nor wives want to stay at home and do the house chores any more. It is obvious
that the family suffers in that situation. Nevertheless it happens more and
more and results in the extreme deterioration of the society which tends to
consist of nuclear families, where only parents and children live together, or
one-parent families. Therefore parents are not able to use the experience and
support of the previous generation and the applicability of this experience is
Secondly, more and more
young people purchase their economical independence and thus don’t need their
parents’ support. Very often they have higher level of education, their own
dwelling and opportunity to spend their free time outside the family. The power
of parental authority today often falls, being replaced with the authority of
the individual parents.
Thirdly, people nowadays
prefer to postpone having a family, as they find such things as career,
traveling or social life more attractive and rewarding.
However, the modern family plays much more important role,
because it provides not only economical, but emotional and psychological background
for its members. Parents fulfill tremendously important social task in
upbringing their children, they teach them such moral characteristics as
diligence, dignity, devotion and responsibility.
All in all, I consider
that our mission is to be a part of something more valuable, more important
then our self - a part of a company, a part of a community, a part of a
society, a part of a family. What
is more, it is not enough to be just a part, it is vital to be a strong,
supporting and contributing part. So let us be a strong and stout part of our
families, let us serve our mission doubtlessly and be happy.
Kyryl Beskorovayny, 11th grade, 2011
People used to think that
the family played an important role in society, but times have changed and now
the family is much less important.(a for-against essay)
Faina Ranevskaya once
said, "The family replaces everything. Therefore, before you make it, it is
worth thinking about what is more important for you: everything or the family?”
The family has always been an important part of our life. However our life is
changing rapidly and we are changing with it. Nowadays people have different
opinions as for the role of the family in modern society.
On the one hand we live
in the time of technological progress and many professions of today are
impossible to be obtained without deep and substantional knowledge of the subject. Very often people
concentrate on their work and career and stop thinking about their families,
children or parents. They prefer careless communication on the mobile phones or
via the Internet to spending their time on building really strong and
long-lasted relationship in reality.
In big cities people feel
bogged down with different sorts of responsibilities, they don’t want to add
one more to the list, considering a family with all its duties and obligations
more a burden than benefit.
labour-saving devices solve the problem of house chores and both men and women
can easily get along without anybody’s help.
Nevertheless some people
point out that now the family plays even more important role than it used to
do. It gives its member the most necessary and precious things such as love,
devotion, care and understanding. It is the place, where you are accepted and
appreciated with all your problems, faults and drawbacks. People find their
happiness and comfort inside the family.
In addition, living in a
family, people are less afraid of difficulties and feel more confident. They
can always rely on their relatives’ help and support.
What is more, people, who
have children, get such important feeling as being needed, worthwhile and
respected. They feel really happy when they can be proud of their children.
In my opinion, it is a
pity that nowadays family doesn’t play such an important role as it should. I
hope that eventually people will be able to understand that there are things
much more valuable than money or career.
Angelika Mutska, 11th grade, 2011
you think it is possible to have a perfect day?
an opinion essay)
if, when you are grey-hared and wrinkled, someone asks you how many perfect
days you had in your life? Would you be able to answer? Doubtful, as people’s
emotions and feelings are like a roller coaster, they change rapidly. Yesterday
you thought the day was just fine and today you are carping about things you
could have said and could have done. Yet does it mean that we don’t have our
perfect days at all? And if we do, how would we define a perfect day?
the phrase " It was the best day of my life” is tossed around a lot. Although
it is exaggerated in most of the cases it expresses a person’s profound
satisfaction with the spent day. Therefore, it is great when people say it over
and over again, as it shows that the meanings of blithe, joy and happiness are
not lost in the vanity of our lives. Everyone gets a period of success or
satisfaction during his lifetime or as it is said; "Every dog has its day”. The
definition of a perfect day varies from person to person. Someone makes a
brilliant business deal and becomes more affluent and prosperous and considers
that day as a perfect, and someone, on the contrary, might
some wonderful time with family and call that a perfect day – it is just
different for everyone.
for me, my perfect day is when I accomplish as much as possible. Moreover, I am
a kind of person that has quick silver in his veins so I need to be occupied
all the time and definitely achieve success in whatever I do. I am inclined to
think that if I plan my schedule to its capacity, I am going to have a
perfectly productive day.
things considered, it is absolutely possible for everyone to have a perfect
day. You simply have to strike while the iron is hot and do whatever brings you
joy, apart of your obligations. All in all, we live only once, so let’s live
our perfect lives instead of simply perfect days.
Bescorovayny, 11th grade, 2011
Day in My Summer Holydays
a life story)
I would like
to tell you about one day in my summer h day in the
middle of July. I woke up very early in the morning at my granny’s house in the
village, because that day my friends and
me were going to pick up blueberries in the nearby forest. I jumped out of my bed, put on my shorts,
T-shirt and sandals, drank a cup of tea
with a sandwich and grab a basket with a snack and a Coca tin. I ran out of the
yard into the village street, where my friends were already waiting for me. Laughing and chatting
we went across the field full of bright flowers to the thick pine forest. In the forest we
started to pick up blueberries and it was so exiting that I didn’t notice how I appeared in
absolutely unknown place. I didn’t hear
the voices of my friends and didn’t see anybody of them .I began to shout to my friends, but nobody
answered and I understood that I got
lost! I was really scared, because I didn’t know what to do or where to go. I decided to walk straight ahead
– I hoped to fond a forest road, which could lead me somewhere out of the forest. I
walked and walked and walked but couldn’t find any sign of a road. At last I felt really tired, hungry and thirsty
and sat down under a tree to have a
snack and a rest. I got a packet with sandwiches out of the basket and took one of them. When I made the
first bite I suddenly noticed some big grey shadow in the bushes under the pine-trees. I thought
that it was a wolf and jumped on my feet
ready to run off! At that very moment a
huge grey dog with big ears and a bushy tail came out of the bush. He came to me, smelled my
basket and than licked my hand. I can’t express how happy I was to meet the dog in the
middle of the forest! I gave him the
second sandwich and he devoured it in one gulp. Then he licked my hand and made some steps. He stopped
and turned his head - it looked as he invited me to follow him. I grabbed my basked and hurried after my
new friend. Can you imagine my surprise when in an hour we went out of the
forest just near the village! The dog
licked my hang for the last time so as he wanted to say good-buy and disappeared in the forest. In a moment I
noticed my friends - they were really worrying with my disappearance and were going to go to the
village for help. I told them the whole story and my friends said that nobody
in the village had such a dog! It was
the greatest adventure of my summer holidays and I will never forget it!
Anton Dasuk, 7th grade, 2011
A place I will never forget
My name is Daniel, I am an
ordinary student and go to an ordinary school. But, I’m not going to tell you
about myself, I am going to tell you about my birthplace – a rather small town
You know, I don’t want to tell you some bare, uninteresting facts, like the
area, population, climate, geographical position. I want to share my thoughts
with you about this town, the place where I was born.
Let’s imagine that I’m going
for a walk now and that you can read my thoughts like a book – isn’t it interesting
to read other people’s thoughts?
I live near the centre of Chernigov and my house is
situated in a green place surrounded with trees. A small river, the Stryzhen,
flows nearby. Yes, this river is polluted and needs a lot of money to be
revived and mosquitoes bite me there cruelly in summer… but, I got used to it
and I like to walk in the shadows of the trees growing high above, hiding the
river from the sunlight. I really like this place, I’ve just got used to it
during these long 15 years, though some changes need to be made here. Now I’m
walking towards the southern part of the town. I can feel this gorgeous smell
of fresh bread that has just been made in the bakery nearby. Then comes Shevchenko Street.
Sometimes I don’t like the street because of these noisy trolley-buses, however
huge chestnuts which grow along the street can hide you from the heat of the
sun in summer.
Oh, I am tired of the noise of
the cars and other means of transport… At last, I can see green trees of the
Rampart. The moment of entering this place is special – suddenly everything
stays behind and the only sounds you can hear are your steps, somebody’s
laughter, quite talks, and birds singing. The Rampart is the oldest part in Chernigov, 25000 people lived here at the time of Kievan
Rus and such a city considered to be huge at those times, it was nearly the
second after Kiev!
It’s hard to imagine, isn’t it? Still, when I’m here, when I visit this place,
something special happens to me and I can feel that there was a big fortress,
where princes lived in their beautiful palaces…
Some buildings can be seen
among the trunks of ancient trees, these buildings are beautiful, great, and
ancient cathedrals. It’s an interesting fact that the cathedral of the
Transfiguration of the Saviour is more than 1000 years old and was even taller
than the famous St. Sophia’s cathedral in Kiev!
I like to spend my free time in a small arbour which is situated near this
cathedral. It is especially wonderful when nobody sits near you, when you have
a nice opportunity to dream, to think of everything you want. The Rampart is
actually a shadowy place, because of huge trees and in winter they are covered
with sparkling snow, which makes them very picturesque.
I am walking to the western
edge of the hill – suddenly, all the trees step back and I am able to see the
port and our Desna-river. This beautiful river is often considered to be the
younger sister of the Dnieper; it is often
blue on sunny days and looks magnificent from a far distance.
Just in front of me a
beautiful, medium-sized cannon is standing, graceful I should say, actually,
there are 12 of them, they are said to be the present of Peter I. Sometimes I
like to sit on my favourite cannon and observe the town pretending I’m a great
general of those times.
There is one more hill opposite
the western part of the Rampart, where St. Catherine’s church stands. Unfortunately,
it does not work as a church – it has been a museum since the Great October
Socialist Revolution. In 1917 many churches and cathedrals were ruined. I often
thank God that we still have such treasures of architecture as these…
Further I’m taking a walk along
the Alley of Heroes, for me they are not heroes, but just people who fought for
their ideas during the Revolution in the Russian Empire and that’s all. I like
to be on this Alley when the fountains work, they are really beautiful under
I’ve written enough to make
other people visit Chernigov.
I can tell you more and more interesting things, but I think it’s better to see
once than to hear hundreds times. Some tourists may not like Chernigov
for its quiet life comparing with such hectic cities as Kiev. Nevertheless, I am sure many of them
could appreciate its beauty and charmness. I’ll never forget Chernigov,
the town where I was born and will always have a place for Chernigov in my heart!
Danyil Litovchenko, 10th grade,
City of My Childhood
is impossible to speak about our homeland Ukraine
and not to mention the history a real ancient and beautiful city, the city,
without which Ukraine would
not be Ukraine,
but some different country, the country that definitely had lost some of its
unforgettable beauty. It is my native city, Chernigiv.
written mention of the city can be found in the "Chronicle of Bygone
Years”. A beautiful picturesque city, which stands on the Desna-river,
don’t stop charming by its beauty not only the tourists< but its
citizens also. However not each of them knows that according to the
archeological finds Chernigiv is much older even than Kyiv – the capital of the
former Kyivan Rus. If you are interested in the history of the city, you can
find out some version, according to which, Chernigiv gained its name. According
to one of them, it owes its name to the dark thick forests that surrounded the
city in ancient times. Another version is that Chernigiv was named after its
legendary founder, Prince Cherny, or his daughter Charna.
occupation of Chernigiv by the Nazis in the second world war the region became
a centre of partisan war fire. The Nazis destroyed over 70% of the housing, a
lot of schools and hospitals and all the industrial enterprises. The city laid
in ruins. But its main architectural finds were almost saved, though not
completely of course, and later a lot of them were restored and rebuilt. And
nowadays a curious visitor of the city can see them at all their beauty.
If you go to
the Rampart you will find there 12 old cannons – the relics of the time of
Peter 1. rampart itself and 22 outstanding architectural monuments dating back
to the 10th – 12th centuries are included into the historical and architectural
preserve. The most famous of them is the Cathedral of Transfiguration of the
Saviour where the legendary Prince Igor lies buried. The chirch was built in
1031 by Prince Mstislav, its interior is brightly colored and richly decorated.
Next to it stands the Cathedral of St Boris and Gleb, buil in 1223 by Prince
David Svyatoslavich. Near the cathedral you can see the building of the
Collegium, built in 1700-1702 for the sons of rich cossacs and clergy to study
there. The special attention must be paid to the Chirch of St Catherine, which
dominates at the entrance to Chernigiv and has been an easily recognizable
symbol of the city for many years. Walking from the rampart along Seryozhnicov Street
you can’t but notice the church
of Crucifixion. No
information is available as to when it was built, but we know that during the
second world war the monument was wrecked by the direct hit of an aircraft bomb
and was restored in its glorious beauty thanks to the restorer Baranovsky.
tourist or a guest of our city doesn’t go to the Boldin Hill where the Eternal
Flame commemorates the unforgettable deeds of those who sacrificed their
lives for the freedom of our Motherland. There you can also visit the famous St
Anthony’s Caves, which are older then Kyiv Lavra Cave Monastery.
But not to deepen into the
history we can just say that our city, the hoary city of the golden domes and
eternal beauty, becomes more and more beautiful with each year that passes by. As
the saying goes : "Towns are not people, time doesn’t age them”. And if you
one day come to Chernigiv, you will never forget that city on the green bank of
Katerine, 10 B form, 2008
the city of my love
Everybody likes his or her home city. It is natural to a person to belong
to the place he or she was born. I am not an exception. I was born and have
been living in Chernihiv. Fortunately, Chernihiv is well known in Ukraine. Mostly
it is due to its wonderful historical sights, its peaceful atmosphere, large
amount of greenery which provides its inhabitants with a fresh breath of air. In
addition, Chernihiv is a "must-go” point for tourists visiting Ukraine. Basically,
Chernihiv is one of those cities which make us calm and relaxed, and give us an
opportunity to escape fussiness of big places.
my view, the city is a romantic one. It creates an aura of love especially in
summer times when a number of monuments are covered with blossing trees. I
can’t imagine a finer, more amazing place than our famous Rampart. Frankly
speaking, when having just a walk there at times I find myself wishing to stay
there at least for some hours. The shining sun creates a special effect which
can’t be expressed with words. It makes a strange impact on me, it wakes a
romanticist in my soul. And this state gives me a push for doing something
unusual. The place where cannons were mounted enjoys an immense popularity
among young people as well as elders, because exactly there you can look at the
Desna River and this place is nice to rest. If
this is not enough for you, you should visit the Boldin Hill. I suppose it is
the only place which may be a "rival” to the Rampart in beauty. These two
sights have their own unique atmospheres which are quite similar and diffirent
at the same time. They replenish each other. They can’t be separated because
they are one whole thing. The mounds of the Boldin Hill create a peculiar
astonishing view which can hardly be found in the whole Ukraine. The
Boldin Hill is a great historical point as well.
These two places make reputation for Chernihiv. And this reputation is a
weighty one. It is difficult to find some sights as famous as these ones and I
consider it fair because nothing can be compared with the Rampart and the
Boldin Hill. They are old and all these centuries they have been evolving in
beauty and the result we can observe now.
Movsesyan, 10th grade, 2008